A Chinese city is offering people on low incomes free DNA tests to help them register for benefits.

A total of 500 of the poorest people living in Nanning City, the capital city of China’s Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, will be able to take a DNA test to prove their children are biologically related to them. The reason paternity and maternity tests are sometimes necessary in certain parts of China is because those living in remote areas often have home births and do not officially register their children.

This can cause major problems when it comes to applying for benefits, going to school and even getting a job. Many people who are not registered end up unable to receive financial assistance they would otherwise have been entitled to.

The free DNA tests will allow unregistered people to prove their parentage so they can apply for a resident permit called a hukou. Without the permits people are unable to receive a number of benefits including poverty relief and children cannot attend public schools.

Permit is essential for both work and benefits

In China it is also essential to have a hukou when entering paid employment.

In the UK, the main reason people take paternity tests is uncertainty or doubts over the identity of a child’s father. If someone had multiple sexual partners around the time of conception, a DNA test may be essential to determine which man is the biological parent.

Paternity tests can also be used to put people’s minds at rest if there are suspicions or trust issues in a relationship.

However, there are some reasons why a DNA test might be required for official purposes in the UK. Legal DNA tests may be necessary as part of court proceedings if there is a dispute over financial or custody arrangements.

And AlphaBiolabs carries out immigration DNA testing, which allows people to prove whether or not they are biologically related to a UK citizen. Family members from other countries are able to come to Britain if they are dependent on someone who is already a permanent resident.