Blood alcohol testing in London has never been easier with a range of alcohol tests and easy sample collection options.
When alcohol is consumed, it is absorbed into the bloodstream and about 90% of it is broken down in the liver. The rest is passed out of the body in exhaled breath and urine. It takes the liver on average about 1 hour to break down 1 unit of alcohol. If an individual is drinking excessively, and over an extended period, the effects on the liver and other cells in the body can be measured by analysing alcohol biomarkers in the blood.
AlphaBiolabs can perform four blood alcohol tests, which measure biomarkers, these are:
- Liver function test (LFT) (biomarkers include AST, ALT and GGT)
- Carbohydrate deficient transferrin (CDT)
- Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
- Phosphatidylethanol (PEth)
Liver function test
An individual who consumes excessive amounts of alcohol will damage their liver and may experience decreased liver function. A liver function test (LFT) therefore measures the effects of alcohol on various liver enzymes in the blood, specifically aspartate transferase (AST), alanine transferase (ALT) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT). Abnormal results can indicate a problem with the liver.
Carbohydrate deficient transferrin
Transferrin is a protein largely made in the liver that regulates an individual’s iron absorption into the blood. It attaches iron molecules and transports them to the bone marrow, spleen and liver. An individual who drinks too much alcohol increases certain types of transferrin that are carbohydrate-deficient. When carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) increases, it can be measured in the bloodstream and is therefore a biomarker of alcohol abuse.
Mean corpuscular volume
Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) refers to the size of red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen in blood to all parts of the body. Heavy drinking over longer periods damages the bone marrow where the red blood cells are produced. The effect is that the red blood cells develop abnormally and become large. As a result, the MCV index becomes higher than normal, which persists as long as drinking of alcohol continues.
Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) is formed on the surface of red blood cells when alcohol reacts with phosphatidylcholine. This means that it is a direct biomarker of alcohol that can only be detected when alcohol has been consumed. Its high specificity (48–89%) and sensitivity of 88–100% is because it is directly related to alcohol consumption.
Because PEth is a direct biomarker of alcohol it is a highly reliable blood test for alcohol abuse. PEth testing can detect chronic and single-drinking episodes. It can also be used to monitor abstinence, drinking behaviour and identify relapse. PEth analysis can also verify whether an individual has changed their pattern of alcohol consumption.
Easy sample collection
Our customers include members of the public who are concerned for a family member’s wellbeing, social workers, probation staff, legal professionals and businesses which operate workplace alcohol testing.
Sample collection options for blood alcohol testing in London include:
- One of our trained sample collectors visiting an address of your choice.
- Attendance at either of our London Walk in Centres (Kentish Town NW5 2BX or Springfield Medical Centre SW8 2SH).
Full chain of custody conditions are followed in both cases to ensure legally-defensible results.
For more information about blood alcohol testing in London
As well as blood alcohol tests, AlphaBiolabs has other alcohol testing solutions including instant breath tests and 3- or 6-month hair analyses to show alcohol consumption over a period of time. Real-time results are also available with SCRAM Continuous Alcohol Monitoring®. For expert advice, please call Customer Services on 0333 600 1300 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org