How long does ketamine stay in your system?
Although not as widely used as cannabis or cocaine, ketamine remains among the most common recreational drugs used in the UK.
Figures from the 2020 Crime Survey for England and Wales show that ketamine use among adults aged 16 to 24 almost doubled in 10 years, with 3.2% of total drug users taking ketamine, compared to just 1.7% in 2010.
In this article, we take a closer look at ketamine, what it is, how it affects the body and how to spot the signs of someone who might be misusing ketamine.
- What happens in the body when you take drugs?
- What is ketamine?
- What does ketamine do to you?
- How long does ketamine stay in your system?
- What factors affect how long ketamine stays in your system?
- How long does it take for ketamine to show up in a drug test?
- Is ketamine addictive?
- What are the long-term effects of ketamine use?
- What are the signs of ketamine addiction?
- How can I find out if a friend or family member is using ketamine?
What happens in the body when you take drugs?
When a person consumes drugs, they are broken down by the liver, and a proportion of the drug and its metabolites are released into the bloodstream.
Some of the drug and its metabolites can then be detected in the body in different ways including via sweat, urine, saliva, hair and nails.
In the case of hair and nails, a proportion of the drug and its metabolites travel to the blood vessels in the hair follicles and nail bed.
Substances then become trapped in the hair shaft (medulla) and the keratin fibres of the nails, remaining in hair and nails as they grow, and making it possible to determine whether someone has consumed drugs, using hair and/or nail testing.
What is ketamine?
Ketamine, also known as Ket or Special K, is a general anaesthetic used by veterinarians as an animal tranquiliser. It is also used by medical practitioners to provide pain relief to patients.
Often sold as a light brown or grainy white powder, it is popular among habitual drug users, and is often ingested by snorting, swallowing in pill form, or injecting.
Under UK Law, ketamine is classified as a Class B drug, making the possession, sale, and distribution of ketamine illegal for non-medical purposes.
Some of the harshest penalties for ketamine possession include a prison sentence of up to five years, an unlimited fine or both.
You can also receive up to 14 years in prison and/or an unlimited fine for supplying someone else with ketamine.
What does ketamine do to you?
It’s important to remember that drugs affect different people in different ways, so not everybody will have the same experience while using the same substances. Drugs can even affect the same person differently when taken at a different time.
How a person’s body reacts to ketamine use depends on many factors including body mass, metabolism, how much they take, and how often they use it.
Because ketamine is a general anaesthetic, one of the greatest risks of ketamine use is the fact that it can reduce the sensations in your body.
This means that if a person injures themselves while using ketamine, they may not know it, which can be dangerous.
Low doses have been known to cause dizziness, euphoria, and confusion, while higher doses can cause nausea, hallucinations, difficulty standing or moving, and a feeling of disconnection between the body and mind.
How long does ketamine stay in your system?
When a person uses ketamine, a proportion of the drug and its metabolites are released into the bloodstream, with a small amount being excreted by the body in a variety of ways.
How long ketamine remains in a person’s system depends on how much they have taken and how often they use it, along with their weight and metabolism.
What factors affect how long ketamine stays in your system?
Factors that affect how long ketamine stays in your system include:
- Quantities taken
- Frequency of use
- Metabolism and weight
- Method used to ingest the drug – for example, whether it has been snorted, swallowed or injected
How long does it take for ketamine to show up in a drug test?
Ketamine use can be detected by a drug test long after the effects of the drug have worn off.
This is because, once the body has broken down the drug, a small amount of the drug and its metabolites remain in the system, before being eliminated from the body in a variety of ways.
For oral fluid (saliva) drug tests, ketamine remains detectable 24-48 hours after use, while urine drug tests provide a detection window of up to four days.
The rate at which head hair grows means that head hair drug tests provide a wide window of detection for ketamine use, making it possible to detect metabolites in the hair for up to 12 months of continuous use, depending on the length of the hair.
Similarly, home nail drug testing can be used to provide an overview of up to 12 months for drug use (six months for fingernails and 12 months for toenails).
Is ketamine addictive?
Ketamine is a general anaesthetic used as an animal tranquiliser in veterinary settings, as well as by doctors providing pain relief to patients.
Because of its painkilling properties, the effects of ketamine – which can include a numbing feeling and hallucinations, depending on how much is taken – can be extremely addictive.
Worse still, individuals who use ketamine regularly can quickly build up a tolerance, meaning that even more of the drug is required to get the same ‘high’.
This can lead to the user developing a harmful addiction.
What are the long-term effects of ketamine use?
Although its physiological effects only last from 30 minutes to one hour, depending on how much the person has taken, ketamine can cause several long-term physical and psychological problems if it is used regularly.
Long-term effects of ketamine can include:
- Liver and/or kidney damage
- Impaired sense of smell and/or damage to the nasal cavity (if snorted)
- Damage to the veins, muscles and skin (if injected)
- Urinary tract and/or bladder problems
- High blood pressure
- Increased heart rate
- Mood swings
- Memory loss
What are the signs of ketamine addiction?
Ketamine addiction can take many forms, and symptoms vary wildly from person-to-person.
However, there are some common signs you can look out for if you suspect a friend or family member might be struggling with ketamine addiction.
- Regular use, especially on a day-to-day basis
- Feeling unable to stop taking ketamine, even though it is affecting their life
- Spending an increasing amount of time seeking out and using ketamine
- Being secretive or defensive about their ketamine use
- Neglecting personal responsibilities including relationships, family, and work
- Behavioural changes including mood swings
There are many helpful resources online for individuals struggling with ketamine addiction, as well as for friends and family members affected by a loved one’s ketamine use.
How can I find out if a friend or family member is using ketamine?
AlphaBiolabs’ peace of mind, home drug test kits can help lessen any worries you might have or enable you to seek support for a friend or loved one who you suspect is abusing drugs.
Our non-invasive kits also allow you to collect samples quickly and easily, without the need to visit a GP or other medical practitioner.
For confidential advice about which test might best suit your needs, you can also call our Customer Services team on 0333 600 1300 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Please be aware that our home drug test kits are for peace of mind only, and the results cannot be used in court. If you require a drug test for legal matters, you will need a legally-instructed drug test.
Home drug tests
Concerned about a loved one using drugs? Order one of our home drug tests today and get the answers you need.
Senior Toxicology Reporting Scientist at AlphaBiolabs
A highly qualified and respected Senior Toxicology Reporting Scientist, Kate joined AlphaBiolabs in 2018, bringing a wealth of experience from a background in forensic science.
A specialist in the examination of biological samples, Kate’s main responsibilities include writing Statement of Witness and Certificate of Analysis reports for legally-instructed drug and alcohol tests, and mentoring and training other members of the Toxicology Reporting team.
Kate holds an MSc in Forensic Toxicology by Research and a BSc with Honours in Biomedical Science and has previously been called upon to give evidence in court, reporting on complex child cases.
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